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Maintaining the trees on your property and keeping them healthy year-round can be quite the hassle; however, it can be even more difficult for the average homeowner to plant a new tree on their property, as they will be unsure as to how they should go about the process. The best way to ensure that your new tree has the best chances of growing healthily is to consult a professional tree care specialist to help you through the process of planting a new tree in your yard. Here are just a few of the reasons to consider consulting a tree care professional to help you through this process.

Choosing the Right Tree

Many homeowners will have a specific type of tree in mind that they want to plant on their property. Upon purchasing and planting the tree however, they may soon find that the tree grows too big and overtakes their yard, or that the climate of their location does not support the tree and it quickly dies. This is where it can be beneficial to hire a tree care specialist, as they can help you find the tree that will not only create the environment in your yard that you are looking for, but also, they can help you to pick a tree that will work best for you.

Location, Location, Location

One of the most important reasons to consult a specialist when planting a tree is to ensure that you are planting it in the right location. Trees need specific environments in which to flourish. If you plant your tree in a location with the wrong amount of sunlight and water, it could prove fatal to the tree. Furthermore, you want to ensure that the tree is planted a safe distance from your home that takes into account the size the tree will one day reach. You do not want to take the chance that falling branches may one day damage your home, or that the root system could eventually damage your foundation.

Hiring a tree care professional when planting a tree on your property will help to ensure that your new tree will grow well; however, it can also be beneficial to continue to work with a professional who can ensure the future maintenance and proper growth of your tree. Contact us to find out more about how hiring a tree care professional could help you in the planting and maintenance of trees on your property.

The most widely planted tree in Canada just happens to be the crabapple, and it's not hard to see why. With their beautiful blooms, handsome foliage and plentiful fruit, crabapples are both attractive and useful.

Crabapples tend to be a fairly easy tree to care for. However, according to Trevor Cole, author of 'Growing Crabs' on the Canadian Gardening website, there are a few important points to keep in mind.  

First, crabapples require full sun. Planting them in full shade or even partial sun will result in less fruit (which, even if it does not upset the owner of the tree, will definitely upset the birds!).

Second, planting needs to be done correctly (not too deeply). In order to assure the correct depth, the bark should be examined for the change in color that shows how deeply the tree was planted at the nursery. Do not rely on the container the tree came in as a guide.

There are also several diseases which a crabapple owner needs to be aware of in order to prevent weakening and even death of the tree. The first is cedar apple rust, which causes yellow spots on the foliage. A good way to prevent this is to not plant crabapples near conifers like junipers and cedars. Also, orange galls should be removed from conifers in spring.

Apple scab is another disease to be on the watch for. This creates dark spots on foliage and corky patches on the fruit. To rid crabapples of this, one should spray them with lime sulfur in late winter. Apple scab can actually kill crabapples, so it must be treated.

Finally, fire blight is the third disease crabapple owners need to be aware of. This actually makes foliage look burnt.  It will spread rapidly, so the affected area needs to be trimmed back to clean wood.  Remember to disinfect pruners with bleach and water (50/50 mix) after doing so!

Of course, professional tree care can always be relied upon to assist you in maintaining the good health of your crabapples. For more information on how to keep your specimen of Canada's favorite tree healthy, contact us.

Trees are a beautiful addition to the landscaping of any home. In many cases, mature trees can actually add value to your property. Unfortunately, some trees are known to cause severe problems to your plumbing system. Here are some tree species that are known to cause significant pluming damage:

Willow

Willow trees are fanciful and beautiful in your landscaping, but they can wreak havoc on your home’s plumbing. These trees need quite a bit of moisture to survive. If you plant a willow anywhere near the proximity of your home’s water source, such as a water well, it could cause your well to produce less water. Additionally, most soils do not have the necessary amounts of nutrients or oxygen for the tree to survive. If you want willows on your property, they are best planted near a lake, pond, or other body of water.

Birch

Birch trees are very elegant and are very attractive, but they have a root system that can be very damaging to your sewer drain lines. The root system of birch trees is flat in nature and will grow outward up to three times the height of the tree. If the roots run into your home’s underground pipes, it could invade the space inside the pipes. Once the root system gets inside, it will continue to grow and could cause the pipes to become blocked or broken.

Magnolia

Magnolia trees, best known for their large fragrant white flowers, are a very familiar in many landscapes. However, magnolia trees have a very impressive root system that can greatly damage the plumbing in a home. Their roots are very large and have a rope-like appearance. They grow closer to the top of the ground rather than deep. They are notorious for searching out the nearest water source. In many cases, the closest water is located in your water pipes or drain pipes. The roots can work themselves inside these pipes and cause them to burst under pressure.

Oak

Oak trees are very majestic and very sturdy. They can live to be hundreds of years old. Sadly, their impressive root system can be detrimental to a home’s plumbing system. The roots of an oak tree are very strong. As the tree ages, the roots begin to grow straight from the base of the tree. As they grow, they can work their way into cracks or openings in sewer pipes and cause major damages and blockages to your system.

If you want to avoid the plumbing problems that can be caused by trees, you only have a few options. One option is to cut the tree. This can be heartbreaking, especially if it is a mature, beautiful tree. The other option, especially if your are building a home from the ground up, is to choose a different location away from the tree so your plumbing won’t be affected. If you choose to go the tree cutting route, be sure to contact us so we can help remove the tree for you.

Conifers are known for their beauty as well as their hardy natures.  Yet young conifers especially can be susceptible to different disease processes and unfavorable conditions that can stunt their growth and even cause them to die if not properly addressed.  These conditions include pollution, poor soil conditions and excess moisture, and harsh winter conditions.

Young conifers are especially sensitive to pollution.  Stress from pollution can cause them to be more susceptible to diseases caused by fungi. Some of the fungi which attack young conifers will cause discoloration and even dying of the branches.  In order to halt the disease process, trees should be trimmed back to healthy wood, and fertilized with the appropriate type of fertilizer, namely horn and bone meal.  

Young conifers can also suffer adverse effects from improper planting and soil conditions.  Conifers should be planted in dry, slightly acidic soil, with an appropriate distance between them.  They should never be watered to the extent that the soil becomes soggy, as this may cause the needles to become discolored.  To provide them with the slightly acidic content which they require, fallen needles should be used for for mulch.

During winter months, young conifers need extra care.  Heavy snow should be brushed off them to avoid breaking branches. Excess snow around them should be removed, in order to keep the soil from being too wet when the snow melts.  Deicing salt should also be kept away from them. Even snow containing deicing salt, when sprayed on or dumped near the trees, can have a harmful effect.

Of course, tree care consulting is of the utmost importance whenever young trees show signs of illness or stress.  Your arborist can pinpoint the exact cause of any problems, and provide the most efficacious treatment to address it.

Few trees can rival conifers as a landscape ornament that provides beauty year round.  For more information on how to keep your conifers beautiful, and healthy, contact us.

What exactly is an arborist?  Why would you decide to hire one to manage your property?  We are hoping to cure any doubts and answer your questions regarding our team of advanced tree care specialists.

First of all, one needs to understand that an arborist is a noun.  That means instead of speaking with an automated service or finding a slew of vague answers from a Google search, you are speaking with an individual.  Not just any individual, but an individual who has been trained in the field of tree care.  Specifically, an arborist is;  

"a specialist in the cultivation and care of trees and shrubs, including tree surgery, the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of tree diseases, and the control of pests."  (Arborist [Def. 1] In Dictionary.com online, retrieved August 19, 2014, from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/arborist).

Our team are all certified arborists.  Trained and educated for well over 20 years.  Our team will ensure your trees will be cared for expertly because of they are certified and qualified.  

Please note, that not all landscaping companies that hire arborists are properly certified to actually act upon their claims.  According to the International Society of Arboriculture,  some important questions you should be asking is when considering to hire an arborists are:

"This qualification promotes the safety of people and property by providing a standardized and systematic process for assessing tree risk. The results of a tree risk assessment can provide tree owners and risk managers with the information to make informed decisions to enhance tree benefits, health, and longevity."

  • Lastly, does the arborist maintain his or her certification?  Are they up-to-date on their education?  

Please feel free to view our team page to read about anyone of our certified arborists.  We gaurantee you will not be disappointed.

If you have any questions regarding our arborists or would like to speak with one personally, feel free to contact us.  We are qualifed to answer any of your propertymanagement or tree care needs.

When considering the resale value of a property, curb appeal is one of the primary considerations...and nothing contributes as much to curb appeal as trees do.  While a wide variety of trees can enhance the value of a property, fruit trees may be some of the most effective ones for 3 reasons: Their landscaping value, their beauty, and, of course, the fruit they provide.

Fruit trees come in three different sizes:  Large (or standard), medium and dwarf.  The advantage of this is that they thereby can fulfill many different landscaping purposes, whether one large fruit tree is set off by itself, for dramatic effect, or several dwarf trees are used as a windbreak or even a hedge.  Because of these varieties of size, their uses are multiple.

Fruit trees also provide a unique focal point in a yard.  Very few plants surpass the beauty of a blooming fruit tree during the spring season, and very few plants are quite as eye catching.

Fruit trees also, of course, provide a useful and money saving product, in the form of their fruit.  Gardeners can be assured of the safety of their product by choosing which growing methods they prefer, and can save a great deal of money by replacing grocery store products with the harvest from their own backyards.  Excess fruit can also, of course, be sold.

Many different fruit trees are suitable for Ontario, due to their ability to tolerate cold weather.  The strongest ones are apples and pears (which can tolerate an air temperature in winter of -30 degrees) and sweet cherries, plums and peaches (which can tolerate an air temperature to -25 degrees).  

Professional tree care can assist in the cultivation and successful propagation of your fruit trees to ensure optimal results. Young fruit trees require the right amount of mulching (especially during their first few years), appropriate fertilization (depending on the age of the tree and the amount of mulch used) and proper pruning, especially during the first couple of years of their lives.  Proper pruning will enable the trees to not only be healthier but to produce more fruit.  Your arborist can advise you on all of these matters to protect your investment, whether your ultimate goal is resale value or preserving an attractive property for future generations. 

For more information on how to care for your cold hardy fruit trees, and give them the best possible start, Professional tree care.

Is your tree at risk for sudden limb drop?

If it is mature, has very large limbs, and has large branches that extrude from the rest of the canopy, the answer may be yes.  Fortunately, avoiding this potentially disastrous mishap is possible with the use of professional tree care.

While a tree may drop a large limb at any time with, unfortunately, little to no warning, there are ways to prevent this disaster from occurring in your backyard.  These include proper fertilization, proper aeration of the roots, insect and disease prevention, watering done the right way and professional trimming.

Proper fertilization can strengthen your tree so that environmental stresses can be more easily tolerated.  The key is to avoid too much fertilization (which can cause too rapid, weak growth) as well as not enough.  A properly fertilized and stronger tree, of course, is less likely to drop branches.  

Suitable aeration can help strengthen your tree, as well.  This prevents root damage and subsequent weakening of the tree, which can be a precursor to limb loss.

Prevention of, and treatment for, insects and diseases can enable your tree to withstand damaging weather and extreme temperatures better, especially if done with the right methods and at the right time.

Appropriate watering is also a remedy against limb breakage. Instead of watering trees frequently, trees should be watered for long periods of time on an infrequent basis for optimum effect.  Giving less water more frequently can actually cause trees to weaken and become more prone to limb problems.

Finally, proper pruning of trees, done by a professional, can also decrease the chance of tree damage.  Not only can it eliminate potentially dangerous situations, it can help to prevent them from occurring in the first place.

While limb breakage in trees is always a possibility, it doesn't have to be one fraught with danger and expensive losses. Proper fertilization, aeration, pest and insect prevention, adequate watering and professional pruning can all decrease the risk of your tree becoming a liability for your property instead of an asset, and the right information regarding all of these solutions can be obtained from a professional tree service.

For more information on how to keep your trees healthy, and damage free, contact us.

Іt іs vеrу hаrd tо knоw thе lеgаl rаmіfісаtіоns surrоundіng rеmоvіng а trее, еvеn оnе уоu оwn. Ѕоmе grееn соmmunіtіеs hаvе vеrу strісt lаws реrtаіnіng tо trее rеmоvаl аnd аrе аssосіаtеd wіth mајоr fіnеs. Ѕоmе аrеаs, usuаllу rurаl, hаvе nо rulеs аnd rеgulаtіоns. Тhеrе іs а mаssіvе grеу аrеа іn-bеtwееn sо fіnd оut whаt уоur соmmunіtу ехресts whеn а trее іs rеmоvеd. Tree cutting can be a relatively easy task, as long as rules and regulations are heeded. 

Рrоtесtіvе trее оrdіnаnсеs аrе usuаllу еnfоrсеd bу thе сіtу оr thе соuntу vіа а соunсіl оr lосаl bоаrd. А hіrеd trее рrоfеssіоnаl wіll іnsресt fоr nоnсоmрlіаnсе uроn соmрlаіnt but wіll аlsо соunсіl уоu аbоut thе рrоblеm trее. Тhіs mеаns thаt іf уоu lіvе wіthіn thе lіmіts оf аnу сіtу уоu nееd tо соntасt уоur сіtу соunсіl mеmbеrs оr trее bоаrd. Іf уоu lіvе іn аn unіnсоrроrаtеd роrtіоn оf уоur соuntу уоu wіll nееd tо соntасt уоur соuntу соmmіssіоnеr's оffісе.

Whу Аrе Тrее Rеmоvаl Lеgіslаtіоn Маndаtеd: Іt іs оnlу nаturаl thаt mаnу trее оwnеrs fееl sоmе frustrаtіоn аbоut whаt thеу саn оr саn't dо wіth thеіr оwn реrsоnаl trееs.Неrе іs а lіst rеаsоns fоr suрроrtіng уоur lосаl trее рrоtесtіоn оrdіnаnсе:

  • Rеgulаtіоns рrоtесt оldеr, hеаlthу "hеrіtаgе sресіmеn" trееs іn thе urbаn fоrеst thаt hаvе sіgnіfісаnt hіstоrіс оr аеsthеtіс vаluе.
  • Rеgulаtіоns rеquіrе рlаntіng аnd рrоtесtіng shаdе trееs іn раrkіng lоt аnd strееt "hоt zоnеs".
  • Rеgulаtіоns рrоtесt trееs durіng соnstruсtіоn іn mаnу соmmunіtіеs thаt рrоmоtе thеіr urbаn fоrеst.

Yоu nоw hаvе studіеd аnd nоw knоw thаt thеrе аrе rеgulаtіоns surrоundіng trее сuttіng іn thе nеіghbоrhооd.

Yоu оbvіоuslу nоw nееd tо соntасt us to execute an аrbоrіst and urbаn fоrеstеr bеfоrе сuttіng а trее. Тhеу wіll аррrоvе уоur рrојесt bаsеd оn lосаl rulеs аnd rеgulаtіоns.

The emerald ash borer is one insect that has received a great deal of attention lately, due to the amount of damage it has done to trees in eastern Canada, including Ontario. Native to Asia, this beetle was first discovered in Michigan in 2002, and conservationists everywhere have been scurrying to control the spread of it ever since.

The emerald ash borer is aptly named because it is dark green in color. Adults are around 8.5 millimeters long and about 1.6 millimeters wide. They have a narrow body and flat head with black eyes. These insects begin mating one week after they emerge, and a typical female can lay up to 100 eggs during her short lifespan of around two months.

The primary damage to ash trees is done by larvae, which are newly hatched insects. Larvae bore through the bark of trees and feed on new sapwood, which in turn prohibits the tree from transporting nutrients and water throughout. The result is that the tree is unable to sustain itself, and will eventually die.

Since its arrival, the emerald ash borer has killed millions of trees. Numerous quarantines have been enforced in an effort to combat its spread, since moving infected logs or hardwood could result in even more trees being lost.

Some signs your ash tree might be affected by this creature include:

  • A d-shaped exit hole in the bark
  • Heavy woodpecker damage, as woodpeckers prey on emerald ash borer larvae
  • Presence of adult insects
  • Dieback of the upper crown
  • Vertical splits in the bark

If you are plagued with an emerald ash borer infestation, take action now to prevent further damage. A York region arborist is your best line of defense against these insects.

Contact us today to find out more.

With their variety of forms and colors, tree fungi are an interesting thing to look at while on a nature walk. However, if you spot a fungus on a tree in your property, your tree may be in a lot of trouble. A diseased tree may be structurally weak and can present a hazard to people and property from falling branches or even from the tree itself toppling over in a strong wind.

Tree fungi are organisms that are neither plant nor animal. They reproduce by sending out spores which germinate in susceptible trees. These fungi are parasites that send out threads of tissue into a tree and feed on its host. Four types of tree fungi are described below.

Root And Butt Rot

Root and butt rot infect the roots and the butt or the part of a tree trunk just above its roots. The fungus progresses into the interior of the tree and can cause structural weakness.

Foliar Fungus

When you notice that the leaves and needles on your trees have discoloration or spots and blotches, then they are infected with foliar fungus. The entire leaf can become discolored and even complete sections of a tree's foliage may be discolored. If the disease is severe enough, the tree itself will die.

Canker Fungus

This fungus occurs on the trunk of trees and enters through wounds in the bark. These wounds can be caused by improper pruning, lawn mower damage and wind damage. The fungus causes the wound to become sunken and discolored. When the fungus is ready to reproduce, it will form a mushroom or a protuberance that is shaped like a shelf that grows from the tree trunk.

Vascular Wilt

The fungi responsible for vascular wilt enter into the vascular vessels of the tree which transport water and nutrients. It eventually kills off the xylem tissue which is responsible for transport. When this happens, the stems and leaves on the tree wilt.

If you see these fungi on any of your trees, it's best to get the help of your York Region arborist. He will be able to determine the extent of the disease and advise you on your best course of action. Contact us today and let us help with your tree fungus problem.