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A building extension, new swimming pool, parking lot expansion, or foundation repair requires construction work and/or the use of heavy equipment. Construction is necessary for maintaining and improving your commercial property. However, because your trees enhance your property value, how the planned construction impacts them is an important consideration. This is especially true if the property has mature trees. They make your property a more desirable location to the tenants or businesses who pay you rent. Large trees add the most aesthetic value to property, and their loss therefore have the most impact.

If trees aren't cut down, how does nearby construction affect them? Through their root systems. Trees rely on their roots for moisture, nutrients, and stability. It's a common misconception that tree roots grow deep into the earth. All trees have roots that grow outward from their base, most of which are within 45 centimeters of the surface. Construction work that involves trenching, or moving heavy construction equipment over the ground, damages tree roots. These roots extend out to the tree's drip line at a minimum, and can extend horizontally as far as three times the tree's height.

Therefore, the extensive root area covered by large trees means that nearby construction is more likely to impact them. Damaged roots weaken trees and make them less resilient to environmental stress such as drought or insect infestation. They grow more slowly and may even die a few years after completion of the construction.

However, a more imminent problem may exist. Cutting roots too close to a tree weakens its stability. A tree's horizontal root spread has the same stabilizing effect as your standing with your feet spread far apart. Cutting these stabilizing roots reduces the base upon which the tree stands. This endangers both the tree and nearby property or people during high winds or ice storms, which can topple the tree. This loss of stability is immediate.

Determining which trees will be affected by your planned construction will require an arborist's expertise. She or he can suggest how to minimally impact nearby trees. Construction enhancements to your property need not take away the property value enhancements of your trees. Get an arborist report from Advanced Tree Care. Contact us today for more information.

York Region Arborist

For most of us, trees are pleasant things that provide shade in the summer, have beautiful foliage in the fall, and cause extra yard work when they shed their leaves. We know they get their energy from sunlight and absorb carbon dioxide. However, there is more to these gentle giants that make them amazing life forms, as these four fascinating facts reveal:

  • Old trees grow faster than young trees. Unlike most animals, which do their growing early in life and then stop, trees do the reverse. The older they get, the faster they grow. Although trees eventually stop growing taller, their trunks and branches continue growing wider. This accelerated growth also means they're pulling carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere at an accelerated rate. This is a strong argument for preserving old trees.
  • Most of a tree's bulk comes from water and air. With energy provided by the sun, trees break apart carbon from carbon dioxide and recombine it with water to form the cellulose that makes up its wood. About 90% of their "food" comes from the atmosphere while the rest come from the soil.
  • Some trees communicate with each other. For example, when insects attack willows and poplars, the trees produce more of certain types of chemicals in their leaves that make them less edible. They also emit chemicals that trigger surrounding trees to produce less edible leaves.
  • Most of the bulk of a tree is dead. For most trees, only about one percent of it is alive. The living parts are the root tips, leaves, and a thin layer just under the bark called the phloem, which consists of vascular tissue that transports moisture, sugars, and other metabolic substances.

Don't be too quick about cutting down an unhealthy tree on your property. A York region arborist may be able to save it. Contact us today at Advanced Tree Care for more information.

Newmarket Tree Care Specialist

Owning a healthy and trouble-free tree starts with its selection at the nursery. The wrong choice can mean owning a tree that dies before reaching maturity, or becomes structurally weak as it grows larger. To avoid future problems, follow these eight suggestions:

  • Visually scan the tree. Look for green and healthy leaves. They shouldn't be undersized, yellowed, or falling off. Check for dark patches on the bark and for insect infestation. Does the tree appear lopsided, or the branch growth one-sided?

  • Look for a single straight tapered trunk. A tapered trunk has the strength to support the weight of the tree above it. The lowest part of the trunk supports the most weight while the highest supports the least, and the taper should reflect this. The strongest trees also have straight trunks. A bent or crooked trunk results in an imbalanced tree. In addition, the bends themselves are highly stressed.

  • Check the tree top for a single straight leader. Future tree growth occurs at the top leader. If the leader bends at an angle, then tree growth will proceed at the same angle. Several leaders coming from a single point means that multiple trunks will join at this point. A tree with several trunks is structurally weak.

  • Look for well-distributed branches. Look for well-distributed branches along the trunk. The lower branches eventually drop off as the tree grows larger. However, their purpose is protecting the trunk from sunburn. They also stimulate wider trunk growth, which increases strength.

  • Look for branches that are thinner than the trunk. Branches nearly half as thick as the trunk or greater, turn into multiple trunks later in the tree's life.

  • Check for branches that join the trunk at a sharp angle. Branches joining the trunk at an acute angle (forms a sharp Vee) will develop bark inclusions at the join. These joins are weak and may break apart during a storm.

  • Look for wounds or scars along the trunk. These are caused when thick branches are pruned at the trunk, or at contact points between the stake and the tree.

  • Check for healthy roots. Healthy roots grow outward from the trunk's bottom. This outward growth gives the tree a stable and strong base. Thick roots with bends in them that point upward or downward will continue to grow in these directions. The same is true of thick roots growing in a circular pattern around the trunk. These undesirable growth patterns give the tree a smaller root spread, which makes the tree vulnerable to high winds.

If you have questions about proper tree care or require assistance from a Newmarket tree care specialist, Advanced Tree Care can help. Contact us today.

Arborist Services for Newmarket and Aurora

Most people appreciate the therapeutic value of spending time in green spaces among trees. This is why hiking and camping in nature reserves, or simply walking in a tree filled park have always been favorite leisure activities. It's why creative people find inspiration in these environments and why some use such places as spiritual retreats. Even those who prefer busy urban environments also benefit when walking along tree-lined streets. Here are two important health benefits of tree filled spaces:

Stress Reduction

What seems obvious to many is confirmed by science: green space reduces stress. Being among trees, whether sitting on a park bench or engaged in exercise, reduces the stress-related hormones adrenaline and cortisol. This in turn, lowers blood pressure. Lower blood pressure reduces the risk of heart disease and stroke. Because chronic stress weakens the immune system, habitually spending time among trees therefore has a restorative effect on it. Excessive adrenaline and cortisol levels also make people prone to anxiety and depression, which again are relieved by exposure to trees.

Improved Concentration

The number of times we can lift a heavy object or physically exert ourselves in other ways is limited. At some point we become physically exhausted and require a period of recuperative rest. Intense mental concentration or focus is likewise a taxing effort that produces mental fatigue. Once this mental exhaustion sets in, continued exertion produces diminishing results. Taking a walk in a busy urban environment however, still places demands on one's attention, and further drains mental resources.

Studies show that exposure to natural environments restores our capacity for mental focus. Therefore, if you're feeling exhausted at work, take a 20 minute break and go for a stroll in a nearby park to recharge your batteries.

Trees improve the health and well-being of people. However, trees also have health problems of their own. These are caused by environmental stresses as well as disease. If your trees show signs of stress or disease such as a thin crown, fungal growth at their base, or premature loss of leaves well before autumn, get the help of an experienced arboristContact us at Advanced Tree Care.

Arborist Consulting

It may have always been the plan to build more apartments once enough money was made. But, when you are ready to get this project underway, it can be a little overwhelming. This is why you should rely on professional help in every way that you can, and an excellent example is with arborist consulting.

Getting Started Early Is Essential

Before you make concrete plans for constructing the building that will house a number of units, you should get an arborist involved as they will have valuable information regarding the addition of new trees. It is important for everything to happen as a complete plan to avoid any costly or time-consuming problems.

Pick the Most Fitting Trees

While you will always have the final say in what to do on your property, you should let an arborist guide you in selecting trees because things like sunlight hours and root growth patterns are crucial details. Picking trees that do not fit well with the space can lead to expensive rehabilitation and potential removal. Choosing the right trees from the beginning will avoid headaches and keep costs to a minimum.

Create a Plan for Success

For the expansion to be considered a complete success, everything must go as planned. Arborist consulting can provide you with a comprehensive plan that will lead to a collection of mature and healthy trees. This is exactly what you need when taking professionals photos for marketing the new units.

It is up to you whether you decide for an arborist to have full control of the plans regarding trees. If you have your own ideas, an arborist can add in the fine details and minor adjustments to make it all work.

Want to learn more about our consulting services? Contact us at any time.

Aurora Tree Care

The Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) is between 2 and 4 centimeters in length, and has a jet-black body with white spots. They have very long antennae with bands of black and white. This exotic looking beetle is responsible for infesting and killing thousands of trees, and has the potential to destroy millions of acres of hardwood trees in both Canada and the United States.

Because they are most active during summer and fall, now is a good time to check your trees for signs of ALB infestation. Both the beetles and their signs can be seen. If you believe any of your hardwood trees harbor these pests, contact your Aurora tree care specialist for help. Here are six signs to look for:

  • Chewed oval depressions in the bark. These are called oviposition pits, each of which host a single beetle egg. When Asian Longhorned Beetles have been very active on a tree, these oviposition pits give the bark a pocked appearance, which is most noticeable after the tree's foliage has fallen in the fall.
  • Perfectly round holes in the tree. These holes are pencil sized and serve as the exit holes for adult beetles after maturing from pupae within the tree.
  • Hollow bark. Larvae feeding within the tree's sapwood causes the bark to eventually separate from this layer. This produces a hollowed out area beneath the bark.
  • Sawdust buildup. This sawdust is actually the larvae's excrement (frass), which is found on branches or at the base of the tree. Absence of frass doesn't prove that your tree isn't infested because rain or wind can remove frass buildup.
  • Branch death. Extensive infestation results in branch death, which often starts at the tree top and progresses down the tree. Damage of this sort clearly indicates that something is wrong. Check for additional signs listed above.
  • Adult feeding. Adult beetles eat the leaves, leaf stems, and twigs.

If you spot ALB infestation or suspect its presence, we recommend prompt action to prevent its spread. Have an Aurora tree care specialist give the tree a complete inspection. Contact us at Advanced Tree Care for more information.

Competition for resources is normal in nature. Trees compete with each other for sunlight, while grass competes with trees for soil moisture and minerals. However, tree vines engage in a kind of cut-throat competition with trees for sunlight, moisture, and minerals. Thick vine growth weakens and may kill your trees, which is why you should make vine removal your top priority. However, poison ivy vines complicate the removal process because they are harmful to people. In fact, removing any type of vine growth often involves poison ivy removal as well.

Depending on your sensitivity, the effects of poison ivy can be minimal or cause severe allergic skin rashes. These rashes are caused by Urushiol, an invisible oily substance contained in poison ivy.

Removing this vine doesn't require physical removal from the tree. Instead, you should cut through (with pruning shears) all the vines around the trunk of the tree a few feet above the ground. This causes the vines above the cuts to die. They are left in place to decay and drop off. The vines below the cut must be completely removed including the roots. The mechanics of vine removal are simple enough. However, care is required to avoid getting poison ivy rash.

Avoiding Poison Ivy Exposure

The first step in avoiding a poison ivy rash is knowing how to identify it. You can't go by the shape of their leaves because some have a lobed profile while the profile of others is smooth. Poison ivy doesn't necessarily have an oily appearance either. However, the "leaves of three" rule of thumb is effective, even though there are other plant types with three-leaf clusters.

Always wear gloves, and long protective clothing. You should use a hat and goggles as well. Urushiol takes a long time to break down. This means that dead poison ivy vines and even the urushiol on your gloves can cause an allergic reaction months and even years after removing the vines. If you touch your face or other parts of your body with your gloves, a reaction may occur. Urushiol oil spreads around just like car grease. If you've worked on cars, you will know how easily car grease can get all over you.

You can remove urushiol oil from your skin by washing the affected area with soap, cool water, and a wash cloth. Use vigorous friction with the washcloth. This is important because washing using your hands alone will likely leave some of the urushiol behind. Repeat the washing process three times. Avoid hot water because this opens your pores, which speeds urushiol's penetration into your skin.

Alternatively, you can use rubbing alcohol and a cloth. Rubbing alcohol also works well for cleaning urushiol from your tools. Remember that your gloves are a source of urushiol exposure. Because of this, many people use disposable gloves. Finally, never burn poison ivy because breathing the smoke is harmful.

You have between 2 to 8 hours after contact to wash the urushiol oil from your skin before it causes a rash.

If you require help in removing poison ivy from your trees, use the services of a Richmond Hill tree care specialist. For tree care advice and information about our services, contact us today.

Managing a rental home is not so difficult because you only have to worry about a single tenant. But, an entire apartment complex can have so many people coming and going all throughout the day. It is only natural for the landscape to take extra wear and tear, especially when you allow dogs. So, if you are concerned about the trees enduring root damage, you should get annual tree preservation reports.

Make Landscape Changes if Necessary

If something must be changed, you will get recommendations for what should be done. The roots from other plants could be in the way of tree roots that want to continue growing outward. It might be the best solution to remove these plants, transplant them, or just let them be. If it is pets and tenants that are causing the most trouble with your trees, you could block the trees with thorny plants or thick shrubs.

Set New Rules for the Complex

It is important to create new rules for the community when it can put an end to the tree problem. Some trees have roots that are resilient and can handle some damage, but this is not the case with all trees. So, you may need to put up signs explaining the importance of staying off the greenery.

Keep Your Trees Healthy

A tree preservation report will tell you whether your tree has issues with pests, health, or location. Since mature trees can have such a major impact on the value of your rentals, you do not want them to get injured enough that they need to be removed or that they fall down on their own.

If you want to learn more about our preservation reports, contact us today.

All plants including trees require water. But care must be exercised not to give your trees too much of a good thing. The roots of trees take in oxygen within the soil. Excessive watering saturates the soil, displaces its oxygen, and causes the roots to slowly suffocate. To avoid this, water your trees so that their soil is moist rather than saturated.

A common mistake is watering based on the dryness of the surface soil. However, the surface always dries more quickly than deeper within the soil where the tree's roots reside. Therefore, you should check the moistness of the soil one to two inches below the surface. If it feels damp, then no watering is required. Allow this soil layer to dry before watering.

Signs of over Watering

  • Brittle green leaves. Green leaves that crumble in your hands are a sign that the roots aren't getting the oxygen they require. This happens to the tree's established leaves.
  • Yellow young leaves. The new leaves of an over watered tree have a yellow or very light green color. This problem usually starts on the inner lower branches. You will also notice a wilting of young shoots.
  • Fungus. Too much soil water is the ideal environment for fungal growth. When fungus takes hold, you will notice its growth on the surface soil and on the tree's roots. Mushroom and moss growth often occur on very wet soil and serve as an indicator. Too much watering also increases the risk of root rot, which is a fungal disease that make tree roots appear black or dark brown.

Avoid automated watering of your trees because simple timers don't take recent weather conditions into account. Instead, place your finger or water gauge 1 to 2 inches down in the soil. Only when it's dry, should you water the tree. Finally, ask your estate tree care expert for help with problems. For answers to your questions or concerns, please contact us at Advanced Tree Care.

Cutting down a mature tree isn't an easy decision because they don't grow overnight. Depending on their growth rate, they can take from 10 to 30 years to reach their full size. Cutting one down means losing its summer shade, fall colors, and perhaps an emotional connection to its simply being there for so many years. But if the tree poses a threat to your home or to the people near it, cutting it down may be your only option if other viable solutions don't exist. When should you consider tree cutting? Here are four signs to look for:

The Tree Is Leaning

A tree with a substantial lean is vulnerable to strong wind and ice storms, and probably should be removed. If a vertical tree develops a sudden lean, then its structural roots are damaged or weakened in some way. Heaving ground near the tree on the side opposite the lean is a sign of this. In this case, you should have it removed.

The Trunk Has Large Cavities

A tree can live with a hollowed out trunk or with large cavities because the living part that carries water and nutrients is just under its outer bark. However, it is structurally weak and is in danger of getting knocked down by a strong storm or a heavy loading of wet snow or ice. How much hollowness makes the tree dangerous? This depends on individual circumstances. If you want to be absolutely sure that removing the tree is your only option, consult an arborist.

There Is Rotting or Fungal Growth at the Tree's Base

Fungus eat by releasing enzymes that break down organic materials. Extensive fungal growth such as mushrooms growing at the base of your tree means that they are feeding off internal rot within. An arborist can determine the problem's extent and advise you on what to do.

The Tree Is in a Bad Location

A tree that overhangs your home can fall on it or drop large branches during adverse weather at any time of the year. Roof damage introduces water into your home and potential mold growth. Trees next to or underneath power lines can potentially damage the lines and cut off electricity. They can pose a serious safety hazard to anyone on or near the tree.

If you spot any of these problems, get the help of an experienced arborist who can determine whether removal is necessary. If you have any concerns, don't hesitate to contact us.