Advanced tree care - tree care specialists in newmarket, aurora and york regionProfessional Arborists: Servicing Newmarket & York Region


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Tree Care Richmond Hill

Like other life forms, trees have no shortage of threats to their health and longevity. They are threatened by plants, animals, and disease. While the first two of these threats can be effectively dealt with, disease that has spread and weakened a tree is difficult to reverse. Often, the only option is tree removal before the disease can spread to other trees on your property. Therefore, the best measure you can take is preventative. Here are seven suggestions for making your trees more resistant to disease:

  • Avoid inflicting tree bark wounds. Many diseases gain entry through wounds in the bark. While you wouldn't deliberately cause this, accidents will happen. Avoid accidentally hitting the trunk of your tree with your lawn mower by making a mulch bed around the tree. Make the bed's diameter large enough so that there's no chance of striking the tree with your mower. While you could place a fence around the tree, a mulch bed improves the tree's health. There shouldn't be any reason why you would ride or push your mower on top of the mulch. Take care not to mulch over the tree's base.
  • Avoid damaging tree roots. Be careful when digging holes or trenches near your trees. Cutting a root close to the trunk weakens the tree and makes it more vulnerable to disease-causing pathogens. Driving heavy earth moving equipment or your car next to a tree may cause root damage.
  • Avoid soil compaction next to a tree. Soil compaction above the roots of a tree deprives them of oxygen and reduces water intake. Roots mostly grow outward rather than straight down. Driving machinery or cars, or excessive foot traffic close to a tree will compact the soil. One telltale sign is the lack of grass cover. Soil compaction weakens and makes the tree vulnerable to disease.
  • Protect your trees from vines, insects, and animals that cause damage. Remove vines, consult with an arborist about insect removal, and place the appropriate barriers to guard against deer, rabbits, and woodpeckers. Some squirrel species strip tree bark from branches.
  • Avoid excessive pruning. Excessive in this case means leaving large areas of exposed wood. This kind of pruning is essentially inflicting wounds on your tree.
  • Consistently water your trees. This means keeping the soil moist without over watering. Again, preventing disease is about keeping your trees in good health.
  • Promptly remove diseased or dying trees. As mentioned previously, disease can spread between trees, and prompt removal is often the only option. Disease may also spread from roots left in the ground. This is why hiring a Richmond Hill tree care specialist is advisable. If there are alternative options, she or he will suggest them. Otherwise the specialist will properly remove the tree.

If you have any questions or tree care issues, don't hesitate to contact us.

Arborist Services and Tree Care Consulting

When you have trees on your property, there are many things that you need to know. But if you are like most people, you don't know all the ins and outs of having trees and how to properly take care of them. And when you don't know all the answers, you should turn to tree care consulting

Healthy Versus Dead

If you think you have a tree on your property that doesn't good, you should get it looked at. Much like people need to go to the doctor, trees can exhibit problems that are either symptoms of an ailment or even death. 

When you spot those symptoms, it's important to know whether you can take any steps to help your tree recover, or if it simply needs to be removed. Especially if you have older trees that add a great deal of beauty and history to your property, you should consider taking care of them before cutting them down.

Getting Valuable Advice

Not only will you learn about the overall health of your trees but you can get advice on the best steps to keep your trees looking good and being healthy. Whether it's pruning them on a regular basis or making sure that the overall structure is still supporting the tree, you know which treatment is right through a simple, professional assessment.

By having your trees analyzed by professionals, you'll gain a deeper understanding of your trees. You may learn about any problems they have, or if they are in great condition; any information you get will be useful. Trees don't just exist to look good, but serve a greater purpose to the environment for their capabilities to provide oxygen and a home to animals. 

When you have trees on your property, it's vital to understand them. To learn more about how we can help you, please contact us.

York Region Arborist

Animals have evolved immune systems that fight off disease. When they are infected by microorganisms, their immune system responds by destroying the invading organisms. Afterwards, new tissue replaces the damaged tissue. Trees also have a kind of immune system that protects them from invading microorganisms and fungi.

However, their immune strategy is one of containment rather than the "attack and destroy" response of animals. They wall off and permanently quarantine the pathogens. The isolated pathogens can do no further harm. Rather than rebuild the damaged tissue, the tree grows around the walled-off area and continues with "business as usual." The barrier consists of cells that the pathogens can't consume. Some of the cells are also toxic to some microorganisms.

This concept, called compartmentalization of decay in trees (CODIT) was introduced in the 1970s by Dr. Alex Shigo. This immune response is triggered when the tree is wounded either by an inanimate object or by an insect or animal. Once the wound occurs, a race between invading pathogens and the tree's immune response begins.

The tree tries to seal off the wounded area as rapidly as possible, while the pathogens try to occupy and consume as much tree tissue as possible. If the tree wins the race, the pathogens are contained and have no place to spread. If the pathogens spread faster than the tree's ability to contain them, the disease continues to spread with the result of weakening and eventually killing the tree.

A fast immune response requires energy and is why a stressed tree is more vulnerable to disease-causing pathogens and fungal attack. Trees are stressed in a number of ways including improper care. For example, the practice of topping severely stresses a tree by inflicting several wounds and depriving the tree of energy producing foliage. This means less energy is available for the tree's immune response of containment. Damaged tree roots, too little or too much water, and defoliation from insect pests also stress and make a tree more prone to disease.

If any of your trees are stressed, have areas of rotting wood, or have fungal growth, get the expert advice and help of a York Region arboristContact us today at Advanced Tree Care.

Protecting Your Trees From Disease

Fungal diseases can wreak havoc on a tree population. As a property manager, the last thing you want to deal with is having to remove 20 or 30 infected trees from your properties. Protecting the trees from disease is a lot easier, and you can achieve that by adopting these three habits.

Have the trees pruned regularly.

Don't wait until branches are falling left and right to make an appointment with a tree care service. Have your trees pruned each spring before the buds appear. Dead or dying branches are the most susceptible to infection, so having them removed helps keep your tree healthy. If your tree care professional notices any signs of infection, they can hopefully remove the affected branches before the infection has a chance to spread and threaten the tree's life.

Clean leaves up promptly.

Especially if you manage a large community, staying on top of leaf cleanup can be a challenge. But it's essential to make this a priority in the fall, even if that means giving your landscaping team some overtime hours. Many species of fungi that infect trees release spores that spend the winter in fallen leaves. If those leaves are left in place too long, your tree may become infected. Never let leaves sit beneath the tree all winter. Rake them up weekly as they fall.

Mulch around your trees.

The healthier your trees are, the better they'll be able to fight off infections. Applying wood mulch around the base of your trees helps boost their health in two ways. First, the mulch traps water in the soil, reducing the drought-related stress your trees experience. Second, the mulch slowly breaks down to provide the trees with an ongoing source of nutrients. Remember not to push the mulch too close to the tree's trunk, as this can trap moisture against the trunk and lead to rotting.

With proper pruning, mulching, and leaf cleanup, you can reduce your trees' risk of fungal infections. Contact Advanced Tree Care for all of your tree care needs.

Tree Care Services

Although winter doesn't officially start for a while yet, it won't be too long before the ground freezes. By this time, your trees should be prepped for the winter. Although it's clear how winter can harm animal life, it's less clear to many people whether winter can harm trees. However, even without the destructive effects of ice storms, winter can harm trees in a number of ways. These tips will prevent this:

Apply a Mulch Layer

Freezing water expands. This property of water can damage tree roots when the temperature undergoes multiple freezing and thawing cycles. A layer of mulch acts as insulation that stabilizes the temperature of the roots and prevents freeze/thaw damage. It also retains moisture in the ground near the tree. You can use mulch supplied by a garden center or wood chips, leaf compost, peat moss, or sawdust.

Apply a layer between 5 to 8 centimeters thick and extend it out a meter away from the trunk. However, extending it out to the tree's drip line should protect all roots near the surface. Make sure that you don't cover the trunk's base where it enters the ground. Keep this area clear. Mulch piled up against the trunk can cause wood rot and other problems.

Apply a Tree Wrap to Sun Exposed Tree Trunks

The low angle of the winter sun combined with the reflectivity of snow can cause sun scald. Rapid warming and thawing of frozen bark by this sunlight followed by refreezing at night, causes the bark to split and leads to strips of bark that peel away. Trees that lose their leaves (deciduous trees) in the winter are vulnerable to this problem. Apply tree wrap to the trunk up to the first branches. A light-colored wrap works best because it reflects sunlight and therefore stays cool. Tree wrap also protects the bark from hungry animals.

Finally, if the weather has been dry, water your evergreen trees before the ground freezes. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. This gives them a supply of water over the winter. If you require professional tree care or have any questions, contact us at Advanced Tree Care.

Tree Care Service

Maintaining the landscaping of an estate is not an easy responsibility. It puts a lot of pressure on professional property and estate managers to get the job done right. It requires a lot of skill and attention to detail, and is something that only an experienced arborist can keep up with. When it comes to estate tree care, proper maintenance is crucial. 

Estates likely have 20-30 different tree species present in their landscaping, and each one probably requires a different method of care, including pruning, thinning, shaping, and so much more. Only a skilled arborist will know and understand specific growth patterns, life cycles, and all of the intricate details of every tree and plant on your estate. Trees are the cornerstone of estates and should be treated as such. 

Proper tree care includes mulching, watering, pruning, and identifying pest and disease problems. It's important to follow each of these things, along with knowing exactly when it's a good time to do so. This will leave your trees safe, healthy, and at their highest value. By keeping up with a regular tree care schedule, you'll significantly reduce future problems and liabilities from occurring. 

Maintaining the trees of an estate is a challenging task, but the results will leave you with safe and beautiful grounds, and not to mention the increase in property value. Contact us today at Advanced Tree Care for more information on estate tree care and how we can help you come up with a plan that will adequately care for your trees for years to come without any worries or stress. 

Aurora Tree Care

Insects and diseases can seriously threaten the health and the life of your trees if not addressed immediately. It's important to carefully examine any abnormalities that you notice forming on your trees so that you can identify and understand them, and then take the necessary steps in order to treat them. Our Aurora tree care experts are here to tell you why proper tree pest and disease control is just so important. 

Environmental Stresses 

In order for a tree to stay healthy, it needs a proper balance of the basic elements and nutrients. Trees may become stressed out if they experience too much or too little of these things, and when a tree suffers from stress it is way more susceptible to pests and diseases. In many cases, trees are able to adapt to environmental stresses in their native environments, but they are not always so lucky in landscaping. When the immune system of a tree is under attack, it can significantly weaken and shorten its life. 

Correct Diagnosis 

It's important to correctly diagnose health problems with trees in order to treat them properly. You need to know exactly what type of tree you're dealing with, along with the environment that it lives in. Notice what type of condition the roots, branches, trunk, and leaves are in. Then you'll need to pay close attention to the pattern of abnormality that you're dealing with. This way it is easier to identify the different types of infectious agents and insects. 

Contact us today at Advanced Tree Care for more information on tree pest and disease control, and all of your tree care needs. 

Tree Care Services

The life of a tree isn't easy. Like people, trees can also suffer from stress. Suffering in this case doesn't mean physical pain, but a diminished vitality that can slow the tree's growth, and make it more vulnerable to disease, insects, and pathogens. Continued stress can cause a downward spiral that eventually kills the tree.

The effects of stress are not immediately apparent, but take time to show -- sometimes as long as several years. While early stress detection is difficult, you can diligently look for the causes of stress in your trees. These include:

  • Excess water. Too much water prevents the roots from getting oxygen from the soil.
  • Drought.
  • Mechanical damage. Does your tree have missing bark from lawnmower impacts? Pruning during the wrong time of year and topping are also mechanical stressors. Animals such as deer or squirrels may remove bark.
  • Soil compaction. Compacted soil lacks oxygen, reduces water penetration, and makes root growth difficult. The grass in areas with compacted soil is generally sparse and unhealthy.
  • Insect infestation.
  • Weeds. Weeds compete for minerals and soil moisture.
  • Vines. Vines compete for minerals, soil moisture, and sunlight.

Signs of a stressed tree include:

  • Fungi. Fungi growing on the trunks of hardwoods have a fan-like shape. They are growing off the dying wood within the trunk.
  • Reduced tree canopy. The leaves of a stressed tree are small for the tree species and may be pale in color.
  • Rotten wood within the tree. If the wood inside cracks or holes in the trunk is rotten, the tree is stressed.
  • Bark pealing and dropping off the tree.
  • Leaves change color and drop from the tree prematurely.
  • Leaves bloom later in the spring.
  • Dead branches. Dead branches are common near the bottom of trees where the sunlight doesn't reach. However, if you see dead branches near the top where abundant sunlight is available, something is wrong.

If you spot or are responsible for any of the above causes of tree stress, remedy the situation. If you see signs of tree stress, then the condition has been ongoing for a period of time, and requires immediate action on your part. If you can't identify the cause of the stress or don't know how to remedy the problem, Newmarket tree care specialists are available. For advice and/or help, contact us at Advanced Tree Care.

Richmond Hill Tree Care

If you have noticed areas of bark missing from your trees, the culprit could be deer. This is the likely explanation if the damage occurred during the late summer or early fall. During that time of year, male deer remove the velvet-like outer layer from their antlers by rubbing them against tree bark. This action removes patches of bark, which exposes your tree to disease. Sometimes deer will inadvertently remove bark from the entire circumference of a tree (called girdling), which will kill the tree above the girdle. Here are two suggestions for protecting your trees:

Tree Guards

A tree guard is a barrier around the trunk that protects the bark from deer antler rubbing. There are many ways of making a barrier. One method is using wire mesh supported by vertical stakes that surround the tree. Be careful not to damage the tree's roots when driving the stakes into the ground. Use plastic cable ties or zip ties to secure the mesh to itself (to form a cylinder) and to the stakes.

You can also cut a plastic cylinder, such as a drain pipe, down its center and slide it over the tree trunk. Before doing this, drill holes into the plastic for ventilation. However, the advantage of using wire mesh is that it's less visible and therefore more aesthetically pleasing. Make the guards 180 cm high and leave them in place until April.


If you have multiple trees on your property, placing a fence along the perimeter of the entire group of trees is a viable solution. Make the fence between 250 and 300 cm high to prevent deer from jumping over it. Positioning the fence beyond the tree branches will also prevent deer from nibbling at them. The fence should extend completely to the ground to prevent deer from going underneath.

Although a fence is very effective, it is expensive compared to using tree guards. Fencing that only surrounds your trees may not be aesthetically pleasing. However, if you had intended to place a fence around your entire property (for other reasons), then adjusting it to prevent deer entry is feasible.

If you have questions about this or other tree care issues, a Richmond Hill tree care expert can answer them and/or provide assistance. Contact us at Advanced Tree Care.

Tree Care Consulting

If you are new homeowner and your property includes trees, you may be asking yourself what to do with them. So, when you are moving into your new home, it's a great idea to use tree care consulting.

Tree Health

It's important to understand whether or not the trees on your property are healthy. You may not be able to tell, without proper training, whether or not your trees are in good health, if they are sick, or if they are dying. If your trees are sick, it's important to find a way to improve their health. If they cannot be saved, they need to be removed. But you may not be able to tell the difference, which is why it's so important to get the advice of experts.

Tree Trimming

Another aspect of having trees on your property is  knowing how to keep them looking good for years to come. Certain trees require trimming in order to keep them both healthy and safe for your home. Whether they need trimmed every two years or in different frequencies, a consultation is a great way to know what needs to be done in order to maintain them.

Consulting is Important

When you don't have the time, energy, or the knowledge to take care of trees on your property, it's time to seek out professionals. We will not only be able to guide you on what to do, but you can enlist us for help in following through as well.

By taking care of your trees, you can remove hazards from your home or property. For example, if you are unaware of a rotted tree or a tree with rotted limbs, it could become a danger it may fall over and cause damage or harm to the property or, worse yet, to you and your family.

To learn more about how we can help you, please contact us